The pelvic ultrasound in females is used to evaluate the size and shape of the uterus, endometrium, cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes and the urinary bladder. It is commonly ordered by a physician to evaluate patients with pelvic pain, causes of irregular vaginal bleeding, IUD placement and many other pelvic related issues like pelvic inflammatory disease.
What happens during the exam?
The patient lies on a table with the abdominal area exposed. The sonographer (technologist who performs the exam) will put a warm water-based gel on the skin surface. The gel helps to transmit the sound waves by excluding air. An instrument called a transducer, which is about the size of a microphone, will be moved over the skin surface by the sonographer.
How do I prepare for this test?
You may eat regular meals prior to the exam. The only special preparation is to have a full bladder. Therefore, you should drink 32 ounces of water (two 16 oz bottles) before the exam. Star drinking one hour before the exam. Do not urinate before exam as your bladder must be full.
How long will it take?
About twenty minutes.
Will it hurt?
How will I learn the results?
You may call your doctor to discuss the results.